Category: Diseases

Top diseases that affect newborns

1

There’s nothing more wonderful and miraculous than bringing a new life to the world. Children change our world view and become the source of endless joy and love. However, as truly helpless beings, newborns are susceptible to a plethora of diseases and infections, as their immune systems are not yet developed.

Every mother knows the woes and the stress of nurturing a sick newborn, combined with countless sleepless nights. Most of the diseases which affect newborns usually aren’t life-threatening – and are a part of the normal immune system development. Here are some of the most common diseases that affect newborns.

Common Cold

2The children’s immature immune system is susceptible to the common cold. As there are more than 200 pathogens that can cause the common cold, it means that it’ll be a source of quite a number of sleepless nights. For a newborn who has normal development of the immune system, colds occur from four to six times a year.

The symptoms include a low fever and a runny nose. They subside in a few days, but it’s important that the newborn gets plenty of liquids (with breastfeeding or a baby formula)

Ear Infections

Ear infections are a common occurrence in babies and present Cold-Like symptoms. Some babies may also incessantly tug and pull at their ears (even though this is not a certain way to determine if your child has an ear infection, as they often pull at their ears for manifold reasons). Moreover, symptoms like diarrhea, reduced appetite, vomiting or obnoxious-smelling ear discharge might present themselves.

Always consult your pediatrician to determine if the infection warrants the usage of antibiotics. It’s also recommended for you to hold your baby in an upright position, to allow normal fluid drainage which lessens the pressure on the eardrum.

Exanthema

Exanthema is a wide-spread rush occurring in children, which can be caused by many pathogens. However, in the context of infectious diseases, there are six diseases which can cause exanthema in newborns: measles, scarlet fever, rubella, duke’s disease, erythema infection, and roseola.

These are caused by different viruses, with their own treatments. All of these infections usually occur before the age of three. If your child presents with a rash, always consult your pediatrician to determine the nature of the rash and prescribe adequate therapy and treatment.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

RSV is the most common cause of respiratory infections in newborns and infants. Symptoms include coughing and difficulty breathing, bronchiolitis and pneumonia. Newborns who have suffered a bad case of RSV infection are more susceptible to developing asthma.

RSV can be a dangerous condition in newborns. It presents with cold-like symptoms which last more than a week. However, if the newborn has difficulty breathing, immediate medical attention is required.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation and reddening of the eye (pinkeye) that commonly occurs in newborns. Aside from infectious pathogens, it can be caused by chemicals and other allergens in the newborns immediate surrounding.

Conjunctivitis can also be an accompanying symptom of a much more serious condition like sepsis or meningitis, so it’s considered a medical emergency.

3

In Summary

Taking care of your newborn is by no means an easy task. Especially because you as a parent are a potential carrier of many of the pathogens that cause the infection. However, there’s no room for panic, it’s all part of your child’s normal psycho-physical development.

Procedure Followed During Testing And Diagnosis Of Tuberculosis

hnjmwed6t26ey272u82i29o2

Tuberculosis is known to develop in two stages, which is latent tuberculosis and the active TB. During latent stage, the person is infected with tuberculosis while active TB the bacteria have now regenerated causing sickness. Even with the symptoms, tuberculosis disease remains one of the diseases which are difficult to diagnose. As a matter of fact, some tests will only indicate that a person is infected with TB but will not determine whether it is a latent TB or the active TB. However, with the advanced technology, there are various tests which are carried out to ascertain the extent of the TB.

Testing and Diagnosis of Tuberculosis

Diagnosishnjmtg26wet27eu82i29o2

The presence of TB infection is tested through the TB skin test and the TB blood tests. These two criteria will not classify whether one has a latent TB or an active TB. The skin test is widely known and the most used method for testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis. During this time the doctor injects a fluid called tuberculin into the skin around the forearm area. After 48 to 72 hours the doctor will check for swelling around the injected area, and if you have hard and raised red bump, the doctor will measure their sizes.

Also, if they are large, then you have tuberculosis bacteria. The drawback about this test is that the results of testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis might be inaccurate due to other bacteria infecting the skin. One, the result might conclude that an individual has TB while he or she has no TB. Secondly, if you have been vaccinated with the Bacillus Calmette – Guerin vaccine, the result might state that you don’t have the diseases while you are infected.

TB tests

To affirm the results whether an individual is either in latent TB stage or the active TB, several tests should be carried out which include;

Blood test

It is also known as the TB interferon gamma release assays whereby the blood is tested to measure one’s immune response to the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. The procedure is conducted with two FDA-approved methods, the quantiFERON TB Gold test and T-SPOT TB test to determine the presence of certain molecules called cytokines. The results are out within 24 hours and are not affected by BCG vaccination.

Scan and sputum tests

After the sjmkmn2we6twe6dy27ud8i292okin test result, the doctor may opt to conduct the chest X-ray, which helps in revealing the presence of white spots in the lungs caused by the tuberculosis bacteria. After that, the doctor takes a sample of your sputum to test for the presence of tuberculosis bacteria. As a matter of fact, the doctor might use the sputum sample to check which kind of medication that is likely to work for you. The results are out after 1 to 2 months.

Testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis is quite a problem for individuals with HIV/AIDS because they don’t respond quickly to the tuberculosis bacteria. This is why several tests are conducted to make sure that the final results are accurate.