Top diseases that affect newborns


There’s nothing more wonderful and miraculous than bringing a new life to the world. Children change our world view and become the source of endless joy and love. However, as truly helpless beings, newborns are susceptible to a plethora of diseases and infections, as their immune systems are not yet developed.

Every mother knows the woes and the stress of nurturing a sick newborn, combined with countless sleepless nights. Most of the diseases which affect newborns usually aren’t life-threatening – and are a part of the normal immune system development. Here are some of the most common diseases that affect newborns.

Common Cold

2The children’s immature immune system is susceptible to the common cold. As there are more than 200 pathogens that can cause the common cold, it means that it’ll be a source of quite a number of sleepless nights. For a newborn who has normal development of the immune system, colds occur from four to six times a year.

The symptoms include a low fever and a runny nose. They subside in a few days, but it’s important that the newborn gets plenty of liquids (with breastfeeding or a baby formula)

Ear Infections

Ear infections are a common occurrence in babies and present Cold-Like symptoms. Some babies may also incessantly tug and pull at their ears (even though this is not a certain way to determine if your child has an ear infection, as they often pull at their ears for manifold reasons). Moreover, symptoms like diarrhea, reduced appetite, vomiting or obnoxious-smelling ear discharge might present themselves.

Always consult your pediatrician to determine if the infection warrants the usage of antibiotics. It’s also recommended for you to hold your baby in an upright position, to allow normal fluid drainage which lessens the pressure on the eardrum.


Exanthema is a wide-spread rush occurring in children, which can be caused by many pathogens. However, in the context of infectious diseases, there are six diseases which can cause exanthema in newborns: measles, scarlet fever, rubella, duke’s disease, erythema infection, and roseola.

These are caused by different viruses, with their own treatments. All of these infections usually occur before the age of three. If your child presents with a rash, always consult your pediatrician to determine the nature of the rash and prescribe adequate therapy and treatment.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

RSV is the most common cause of respiratory infections in newborns and infants. Symptoms include coughing and difficulty breathing, bronchiolitis and pneumonia. Newborns who have suffered a bad case of RSV infection are more susceptible to developing asthma.

RSV can be a dangerous condition in newborns. It presents with cold-like symptoms which last more than a week. However, if the newborn has difficulty breathing, immediate medical attention is required.


Conjunctivitis is an inflammation and reddening of the eye (pinkeye) that commonly occurs in newborns. Aside from infectious pathogens, it can be caused by chemicals and other allergens in the newborns immediate surrounding.

Conjunctivitis can also be an accompanying symptom of a much more serious condition like sepsis or meningitis, so it’s considered a medical emergency.


In Summary

Taking care of your newborn is by no means an easy task. Especially because you as a parent are a potential carrier of many of the pathogens that cause the infection. However, there’s no room for panic, it’s all part of your child’s normal psycho-physical development.

Discover how to lose weight in a safe and healthy way

These days, being obese and overweight are common among people all over the world. A lot of them are suffering from ailments that are related to continuous weight gain. These includes heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and much more. Many people are trying to lose weight, but some of them just don’t know how to do it the right way. They are struggling because they are unaware of the proper methods. Some of them put themselves at risk hoping that they will be able to achieve their weight loss goals.

How to lose weight safely and healthily

kjdskjsd8sdkjsdGetting rid of the extra pounds may sound simple. But in reality, it can be dangerous too if you don’t know what you are doing. You probably have heard already about some people who got hospitalized due to incorrect weight loss methods.

This article is aimed at providing you with some useful information on how to lose weight in a safe and healthy way.

Consider the following tips:

Avoid crash diets

It is true that you have to watch the foods that you are eating if you want to lose the extra pounds. But this does not mean that you have to starve yourself. Keep in mind that strict diets that restrict the intake of calories or carbohydrates can lead to several deficiencies because you are not consuming the nutrients and minerals that your body systems need in order to function properly.

The bottom line is, you can still eat the foods that you used to eat, but you have to watch your intake. As much as possible, stick to a diet that includes fruits, vegetables, as well as foods that are rich in fiber and protein.

Be more active

As we all know, working out is a good way to burn calories. However, you have to introduce changes to your body slowly. You don’t have to subject yourself to bursts of exercise as this is unhealthy. What you need to do is increase your activity levels. You can even lose weight if you walk for 20 minutes as long as you do it on a regular basis.


Get enough rest

Getting enough rest is also essential if you really want to get lean. Your body needs to recuperate so it is very important that you sleep at least eight hours every day. With this, it will be easier for your body to speed up your metabolic rate.

Use effective supplements

kjjsdi7sdjhsdsThe use of authentic weight loss supplements is another thing that you can so you will lose weight in a safe and healthy way. Before you buy anything, do your homework and make sure that get the right pills.

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Health Benefits Of Treadmills You Never Knew


Walking or running on a treadmill is a great way of doing exercise and has a lot of health benefits. Moreover, treadmill put less strain on the body unlike walking or running on outdoor surfaces. Here are the health benefits of treadmill exercise.


What are the health benefits of treadmills?

1. Weight lossjmkmn3etg23edt26ye7u282i92

The most obvious health benefit of a treadmill is that it helps you lose excess weight. Running for about 20 minutes at a speed of 6mph will burn about 230 calories. However if you increase the speed to 8mph will burn up to 300 calories. A healthy diet combined with treadmill workout sessions will enable you to achieve your weight loss goals within short time.

2. Improved Cardiovascular Health

Treadmills play a crucial role in improving the health of your heart. Each time you walk or run on a treadmill, your health becomes strength and healthy. As your heart grows strong, the blood pressure becomes normal hence avoiding the risks of high blood pressure. Aerobic exercise also helps reduce the cholesterol levels in your blood. In most cases, bad cholesterol leads to heart diseases which may cause death. Therefore, treadmill exercise is a great way of avoiding heart-related complications.

3. Improved Muscle Tone

Doing a treadmill exercise regularly strengthens and tones your muscles. Walking or running on a treadmill will tone your legs even more if you use the incline feature of the machine. Moreover, running on the treadmill without holding the handlebars is the best way to toning up your arm muscles.

4. Improved Joint Flexibility

Treadmill exerchnjm2ed626edy72u8i29o20ise in moderate intensity will make your joints flexible. Since you walk or run on the treadmill instead on the hard pavement surface, you lessen the impact on your joints and knees. Moreover, treadmill helps people with arthritis as it keeps the joints loose thus preventing unwanted pain.

5. Benefits to Diabetics

Treadmill exercise is very useful in controlling the insulin levels in the blood. The study shows that regular exercise decreases the blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. The combination of treadmill exercise and proper diet helps to control symptoms of diabetes. Walking or running on a treadmill for at least 20 minutes causes the muscles to consume glucose hence lowering the blood sugar level. Moreover, regular treadmill workout controls sleep-inducing hormones thus allowing the patients to sleep better. In this case, regular sleep cycles will help keep the blood sugar levels in the body.

There are many useful health benefits of treadmill exercise. Besides preventing terminal illness, treadmill workouts will also restrain excessive weight gain.

Procedure Followed During Testing And Diagnosis Of Tuberculosis


Tuberculosis is known to develop in two stages, which is latent tuberculosis and the active TB. During latent stage, the person is infected with tuberculosis while active TB the bacteria have now regenerated causing sickness. Even with the symptoms, tuberculosis disease remains one of the diseases which are difficult to diagnose. As a matter of fact, some tests will only indicate that a person is infected with TB but will not determine whether it is a latent TB or the active TB. However, with the advanced technology, there are various tests which are carried out to ascertain the extent of the TB.

Testing and Diagnosis of Tuberculosis


The presence of TB infection is tested through the TB skin test and the TB blood tests. These two criteria will not classify whether one has a latent TB or an active TB. The skin test is widely known and the most used method for testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis. During this time the doctor injects a fluid called tuberculin into the skin around the forearm area. After 48 to 72 hours the doctor will check for swelling around the injected area, and if you have hard and raised red bump, the doctor will measure their sizes.

Also, if they are large, then you have tuberculosis bacteria. The drawback about this test is that the results of testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis might be inaccurate due to other bacteria infecting the skin. One, the result might conclude that an individual has TB while he or she has no TB. Secondly, if you have been vaccinated with the Bacillus Calmette – Guerin vaccine, the result might state that you don’t have the diseases while you are infected.

TB tests

To affirm the results whether an individual is either in latent TB stage or the active TB, several tests should be carried out which include;

Blood test

It is also known as the TB interferon gamma release assays whereby the blood is tested to measure one’s immune response to the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. The procedure is conducted with two FDA-approved methods, the quantiFERON TB Gold test and T-SPOT TB test to determine the presence of certain molecules called cytokines. The results are out within 24 hours and are not affected by BCG vaccination.

Scan and sputum tests

After the sjmkmn2we6twe6dy27ud8i292okin test result, the doctor may opt to conduct the chest X-ray, which helps in revealing the presence of white spots in the lungs caused by the tuberculosis bacteria. After that, the doctor takes a sample of your sputum to test for the presence of tuberculosis bacteria. As a matter of fact, the doctor might use the sputum sample to check which kind of medication that is likely to work for you. The results are out after 1 to 2 months.

Testing and diagnosis of tuberculosis is quite a problem for individuals with HIV/AIDS because they don’t respond quickly to the tuberculosis bacteria. This is why several tests are conducted to make sure that the final results are accurate.